Types of dental implants

Many manufacturing companies produce dental implants and materials used in restorations such as crown and abutment.

That's why dentists have different choices for choosing the right dental implant treatment for you.

Dental implants are classified according to the shape, position or method used for placement (one-stage or two-stage).

Subperiosteal implants

The shape of the sub-periosteule implant:

A metal scaffold is placed on the jaw bone and the gum cover it, only posts remain outside the gum to hold crown and abutment.

This implant is placed inside the gum tissue on the jaw bone. The post extends from the gum to maintain restoration (crown or abutment).The main advantage of this type of implant is that it can hold tight dentures for people with insufficient bone height.

انواع ایمپلنت دندان
انواع ایمپلنت دندان

Endosteal implants

the shape of endosteal implants:

Implants fall inside the jaw bone and attach it firmly.

These dental implants are commonly used for two-stage operations.This implant is inserte surgically directly into the jaw bone and replace bridges or moving teeth.As shown in the figure, these implants have several types, including screw / threaded, cylindrical / flat and blade.

Two-stage dental implants

The two-stage operation is the most commonly used implant method. The implant is inserted through the surgery into the jaw bone so that it stays under the gum in the bone. Then the gum tissue is closed with suture to protect the implant against the pressure during healing of surrounding bones and mixing with it. After the healing period, the second surgery is performed and the surface of implant is opened to attach the abutment and restoration.

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One stage implants

This method involves a taller piece of implant that drains from the gum after placement inside the jaw bone. So, after healing, the abutment and crown can be placed without any other surgery to open the implant. Another option is placing a two-piece implant like that used in two-step operation. Implants and abutments are immediately connected during initial surgery. The problem with this method is that the implant is vulnerable to internal forces and there is a lot of precaution to make sure that the disruption does not occur in the blistering process. Research has shown that both one stage and two-stage methods have similar success rates. Ask your surgeon's dentist what approach you use and what the benefits and disadvantages are.Ask your surgeon's dentist which approach does it use for you, what are its advantages and disadvantages?